Apple Mac Memory – Powering Your Mac Machine

Memory is one of the most important equipments of a computer machine. It actually powers the computer and allows it to process and perform its functions further. However, just like other machines and spares have a specific life time so the computer memory has. Every computer machine, be it a desktop, server, laptop, notebook or a net-book, needs a memory upgrade. You will need to upgrade your computer memory to ensure its optimum performance and your experience of happy and uninterrupted computing. Computers of all makes need updating memory and Apple memory upgrade is not an exception.

Apple Mac Book Memory ModuleEnhancing memory of your computer becomes essential when your computing needs increases. That means, when you start using your machine for running heavy software programs, playing the latest and hottest games or due to any other reason. If your Apple Mac PC has become slow then you need not dump it or buy a new one. Simply consider Apple memory upgrade will do and give you the performance that you deserve. Having optimum memory is crucial for all computer machines and when you provide them with that, you can be assured that you will get your hands on the performance of your computer that it use to give you when it was brand new.

What you need to do –

You need not worry a lot for the slow speed of your computer. Upgrading your computer memory with the right memory make will simplify your problems and optimize the processing of your system. What you need to do is identify or estimate your computing needs. This may include analyzing the consumption of computer memory that your software programs of video games do. Now check for the memory available and how much memory you will need to run your heavy programs on your existing computer architecture. Once analyzed, you may go for a completely new memory for your machine or upgrade it with an add-on memory to optimize its performance.

You may do the analysis easily by yourself or may contact your vendor. If you have Apple Mac computer with you then upgrading it with Apple memory becomes easier. This is because of the fact that Mac computers are different from computers of other brands like IBM, Dell, HP, etc, and so are the memory modules. However, having proper knowledge of your Mac machine and the memory it uses is very important. If you know which memory module does your Apple computer uses then you can easily get memory upgrade of your computer. You can simply visit market and get a relevant memory for your Mac or research online for web stores that are selling memory online.

You need not worry if you do not know much about your Mac PC. Just click on the web to get full information about your system and memory that it uses. You may also get the same information from the online retail stores. In fact these retail stores will also give you information about the compatible memory for your machine. Once you find the right memory for your system, place your order and your shipment will be delivered right at your doorstep within specified business days.

Time to enjoy optimum performance of your computer –

Once you get your computer memory for upgrade, you may install it into your computer by yourself. However, you must do this if you are friendly with the hardware architecture of your system. If you are not savvy with the hardware then calling your vendor is a better option. And if it is Apple memory then it is important that you get it installed by a professional if you yourself do not know much about your Mac PC. As mentioned above, Apple computers are different and so is the memory. Finding memory is easy but installing may not be, if you are not friendly with Apple technology.

Sachinds Mishra is associated with Memoryx. It is one of the most visited sites for computer memory. It was established in 1995 and specializes in memory upgrade for flash memory, Apple memory and other like network transceivers. Kindly visit

Mac Data Recovery – How to Buy the Best Mac Data Recovery Software

Mac Data recovery tools are highly useful for getting back your lost Mac files in any data loss situation that you might face. Just like windows based systems, there are various scenarios under which you lose your Mac data. Following are some common reasons of Data loss in Mac based systems.

1. Disk initialization
2. Virus or Trojan Attack
3. Bad Sector
4. Volume header corruption
5. Master directory block corruption
6. Node corruption of catalogue files.

Mac Data Recovery - How to Buy the Best Mac Data Recovery SoftwareApart from the above mentioned situation, there could be various other reasons of data loss. Your chance of recovering your lost data increases if you know which software is the best for getting your data back.
In order to get the best data recovery software for your Mac system; you should double check the following points before your shell our your hard earned money

1. Compatibility – It is quite obvious. You must go through the user manual or the technical specifications of the software to find out if it is compatible with your OS.
2. Multi- Disk Drive Support– Make sure that your software is capable of recovering data from all IDE, EIDE, SCSI, and SATA, ZIP or USB drives.
3. Partition Recovery– Can your recovery utility recover lost or formatted partition? There are certain utilities that are capable of recovering file only from the existing partition and not from the formatted data.
4. Email Recovery – The recovery software should be able to recover emails as well. Check if it supports MS office, Macintosh files or Entourage repair.
5. All types of files recovery– There are various utilities that can recover only certain type of files therefore make sure that your recovery utility can retrieve different files, for example MXF,PTF.AAC, FH3..To FH 11, NSF, PMD, EPS etc.
6. Demo Version – A reliable recovery utility always comes with a demo version that can show you what file can be recovered. It guarantees the capability of the software and helps you decide if it is the right software for recovering your Mac data.

Usually Demo version gives you a preview of all recoverable files. Purchase the software only if you can view your lost files in the demo version.

Last but not the least, make sure that there is satisfactory refund policy and money back guarantee so that you can get your money back just in case you are not able to recover your data because of any reason. Mac data recovery tools are somewhat costlier than their windows counterpart but you will get the best value for your money if you keep above mentioned points in mind before paying for it.

Stellar Data Recovery offers the best Mac Data Recovery tools which have also been recommended by Apple itself. Stellar also offers many other recovery tools for Mac and windows. Read some more tips and order the best Mac Data Recovery software.

How to Backup Your Mac Data With Time Machine

Mac is a line of personal computers developed by Apple Inc. and the Time Machine is the state-of-the-art-automatic backup built into the Mac’s Operating System. It keeps a copy of any kind of file that has been saved on the Mac including photos, movies, music, documents and everything else. It enables one to ‘go back in time’ and recover anything that he/she has lost or needs, hence the name.

Installing the Time Machine to the Mac is pretty simple. On connecting an external drive, Mac asks the user whether the drive is meant to be for backup and on saying yes, everything else will be taken care of by the Time Machine. After installation, all the back up will be done automatically and the user won’t have to worry about this anymore.

During installation, the software copies the Mac’s entire contents to the backup drive. Without compressing anything, all files are copied as it is. After the initial backup, only periodic backups are done and that too only for files that have been modified since the previous backup. Time Machine also creates links to all the files that are unchanged so that you can see the entire contents of the Mac on any given day.

Like every other backup software, the Time Machine also copies every file on the Mac, but there is something that sets the Time Machine apart from all these other softwares. It not only keeps a spare copy of all the files but also remembers exactly how the Mac looked on a particular day.

By searching on the Time Machine browser for missing files, the user can find long-lost files which you might have lost ages ago, but still need. You can also find the most recent changes by specifying the precise date or you can even do a Spotlight search to locate exactly the file you are looking for. As per the user’s requirement, the Time Machine can restore the entire folder or just the required files. Even the entire computer can be restored using Time Machine, if need be.

By default, a backup of everything is saved by the software, but files can be excluded by going to preferences and changing the Options. Files that are to be skipped can be set here. The user can also delete files whose backup has already been made by selecting the files he/she wishes to delete and then by choosing ‘Delete from all backups’ from the action menu in the Folder toolbar, all unwanted backups are eliminated instantly.

Eventually the program is bound to run out of space, as no matter how large the backup drive is, it will one day be filled. Hence, the software will start deleting the files, oldest first, but before doing so it informs the user. Moreover, before deleting anything, the software copies files that might be required to completely restore the user’s disk for future backups.

For more hints, tips and articles visit Mac Tools.

How to Reinstall Mac OS

The instructions in this article can be used to reinstall the operating systems of a wide range of MAC systems.

Insert MAC OS X Disc

The first step to reinstalling the operating system of your MAC PC begins with putting in the CD/ DVD with the OS X software into the disk drive. While pressing the [C] button key one has to restart the computer system. Once the computer has started up you will be given the option to “Continue” which you choose for the first two screen pages that appear. After this, the third page displays all the crucial information which is relevant to the installation process. After this information is presented, the subsequent two pages too have to be allowed to go further, which the user does by clicking on the Continue tab. Once this has been done, you will be presented with the Terms of License which you must read through carefully. Post this, if you agree with all the terms and conditions presented therein, you will click on the Agree tab to further the process.

Customize your installation

The next step involves choosing the details regarding the volume and the hard drive that one wishes to configure the OS X on. After deciding upon the volume you can choose to open up the Options tab and choose whether or not you wish to store the previous operating system in the archives. A folder known as Previous System can be used for storing the original operating system and one can also choose to save the old Users as well as the original network configurations.

Follow instructions and wait…

After this one has to let the installation process go on. This step can take a little long as the entire system needs to be configured. One only has to follow the automatic prompts that are provided by the computer system itself. You will be requested to begin a new account where you shall have to fill in a User Name and a Password to correspond with it. It is advisable to choose the “password hint” option to remind you of the same if you forget it at a later stage. The password is crucial to your system as it is required all through the process and even later, when you use the PC on a regular basis. Without this password you will not be able to modify or alter your system settings in any way and you will be unable to add new features or programs at a later stage.

Personalize your MAC

The next step involves choosing the personalization features such as those of selecting the date, the day, the time zone and such. Once such custom settings have been decided the installation process is finished. Now one needs to start the computer again to initiate the newly installed operating system. Upon the start up you might be asked to install a variety of different software. These updates are provided by the operating system to inform you of the different options available to you.

The re-installation process is now complete!

For more Macintosh tools, resources, articles and freebies visit: Macintosh Tools

Fix Mac Disk Errors

In this article we teach you how to fix MAC disk errors for the Apple Macbook using the operating system OS X10.4.x. If your MAC computer is no longer working as quickly, efficiently or effectively as it used to when you had just purchased it, chances are that there is some malfunctioning of the disks of the computer systems. Such problems are known as disk errors and need to be fixed as soon as possible to prevent further damage and to restore the computer to its optimal condition.

Customers of Apple using the Apple Macbook are provided with a disk known as the Apple Software Restore disk which is to be used for such times where an emergency arises and the disk needs to be cleaned of unwanted applications and kinks need to be smoothened out.

Getting started!

The first step is to place the disk into the disk drive and then choose the ‘restart’ option to begin loading the computer up again. Once the start up process begins again you will be alerted to it by the startup sound. After you hear this sound press the C key down and hold it so until the screen displays the Apple logo. The logo display is in tones of gray.

Once the computer has started up the disk will automatically begin to initiate the OS installation process. Be careful not to begin to reinstall the operating system yourself manually.

You might be presented with the option of choosing another language. To work with English, which is the default language, click on the Next tab.

What next?

A window with the option Utilities will pop up. Click on the window and then choose the Disk Utility button. This will start up the Disk Utility function which will pop up as a new window. Towards the left hand side of the window will be a list of the disks out of which you need to select the one which you wish to heal. For the present time being, you will select the option listing Macintosh HD. There will be a bar running horizontal near the upper end of the window with the option First Aid. It is imperative to select this option as well. At the lower end of the Disk Utility window, towards the right hand side, you will be a tab with the label Repair Disk. To start the repairing process click on this tab.

And lastly…..

This action will initiate a scan in which the system will go through the drive that you have chosen to repair and will check to see if there are any problems in the drive. If the drive is safe and free of problems a message stating the same will be displayed. If there are errors in the drive a window detailing the same will pop up. After reading through the list of problems detected by the scan you only need to click on Repair Disk and the computer will start to fix the problems within the drive on its own.

Disk Software

Another highly recommended option for the Mac is to use some type of disk management and backup software such as Disk Tools. Read the full review of Disk Tools here.

For more Mac articles, tools, resources and downloads visit Macintosh Tools

Safari 4

Apple has released the next version of its web browser – Safari 4 for Mac and Windows users.

The security fixes come as part of a larger update for Safari. Many of the major enhancements, such as faster Javascript execution and new ‘cover flow’ history browsing feature, were unveiled by the company yesterday at its World Wide Developer Conference in San Francisco.

Apple said Safari 4 is the first browser to pass the Web Standards Project’s Acid3 test, which examines how well a browser adheres to CSS, JavaScript, XML, and SVG standards that are specifically designed for dynamic Web applications.

10 Cool AppleScripts You Should Try

The scripting language built in to the Mac’s OS is referred to as AppleScript. It uses an English-based language to automate tasks on the Mac. AppleScripts are located in your Library/Scripts folder and the Script Editor can be launched by double-clicking a script where it describes what the script does and you can run it by clicking Run.

Here is a list of 10 cool AppleScripts that you should try.

1. Add to Folder Names

With Add To Folder Names you can add something at the beginning or end of all folder names on the front-most Finder window. Items on the desktop will be used by the script, if no Finder windows are open. This saves a lot of time as you don’t have to go through a large group of folders one by one just to add something to the folder name.

2. Add to File Names

Similarly, Add To File Names changes files in the front Finder window, instead of folders.

3. Trim Folder Names

The next two scripts are the opposite of the two mentioned above. Trim Folder Names lets one trim the text from the beginning or the end of a folder. This helps in altering the folder names that you want to change or shorten.

4. Trim File Names

Trim File Names is similar to Trim Folder Names, except that instead of folder names, this can cut the start or end of file names.

5. Finder Windows- Hide All

All the Finder windows that are open can be minimized into the dock by using the Finder Windows – Hide All script.

6. Finder Windows-Show All

Finder Windows – Show All will do the exact opposite, and bring all Finder windows that are in the Dock back out onto the Desktop.

7. Crazy Message Text

On running Crazy Message Text, a dialog asks the user to type the text to create the “crazy” mail message with. After entering text and on hitting OK, a Mail message is created, on which the text is pasted with each letter in a different size, font and colour.

8. Create New Message

The Create New Message Script is useful to browse the Web or RSS feeds. It lets you make a Mail message from whatever application you’re in at the moment. A small dialog asks the receiver’s name, address, the subject, content, signature, and the “from” address. After clicking OK, Mail opens and the message that you entered can be sent.

9. iTunes Remote Control

The iTunes Remote Control is the perfect substitute for an iTunes controller. On running the script, a dialog pops up and you can make iTunes “pause”, “play,” or “stop” among other commands.

10. Clipboard Viewer

The Clipboard Viewer script shows a dialog with whatever is on the clipboard. If you have a file copied, the filename will be displayed.

The Scripts folder contains tons of other cool Applescripts. And what’s more, You can even customize or even write your own AppleScripts!

For more Macintosh articles, resources, tools and downloads visit Macintosh Tools

Quick Tips to Secure Your Mac

The Mac is a series of Personal Computers designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. One of the features of the Mac that gives it an edge over other computers is its safety and security, which far outstrips any of its competitors. Here are a few easy tips for the security of your Mac.

Update the OS with Security Patches

The simplest way to ensure the safety of your Mac is to update the Operating System with the latest Security Patches on the net by going to the Apple option on the menu bar and then selecting the Software Update option. The Mac can also be set to check for Software Updates automatically and it will check for these updates daily, weekly or monthly, as per the user’s preference. The URI Antivirus website gives free McAfee VirusScan downloads which can be updated regularly and automatically.

Password-protect your Mac

Password-protecting is another way of securing your Mac. Under the Apple option on the menu bar, in System Preferences there is an Account Preferences pane. Here the password can be changed and you can also generate one, if you can’t think of a strong one yourself, by clicking on the icon key. It is essential to have a strong password to prevent brute force attacks.

Customize the Physical security settings

In addition to all this, the user can further enhance the security of the Mac by availing of the physical security settings. Automatic login can be disabled and after sixty minutes of inactivity, the Mac can be set to log off automatically. Also, once the Mac is on sleep or screen saver mode, it can be set to ask for the password to log back in. All these features can be activated by going to the Apple option on the menu bar, and then selecting System Preferences and then clicking on the Security Preferences pane.

Activate your Firewall

Keeping the Mac’s Firewall turned on 24X7 also helps to keep it secure. This can be done by clicking on the System Preferences on the Apple option in the menu bar. In System Preferences, click on the Firewall tab and click Start to activate it.

Keep a backup of all data

Keeping a back up of all the data on the Mac is also advisable. This can be done in two ways. One is to copy all the files into a USB or a Firewire external storage device and the other way is to burn CD or DVD back ups of all the data on the Mac.

Turn off Bluetooth/Wireless Systems

Bluetooth and Wireless Systems are easy targets for local hackers. Hence, it is very important for the security of the Mac to turn off these features when they are not in use. This is a very simple procedure. By clicking in the Bluetooth or wireless logo on the top menu bar, the user can turn it on or off. So every time he/she wants to use the Bluetooth, it can be turned on and when he/she is finished with it, it can be turned off.

You can find many more security articles and resources at Macintosh Tools. We update daily and bring you everything related to Macs.

How To Recover From The Top 10 Crucial Mac Disasters

1. Mac Keyboard Gets Liquid Exposure

Immediately disconnect the power cord and remove the battery from your Mac. Turn your Mac upside down at an angle to allow the moisture to drain out. Do not lay the machine flat because we want to separate the machine from the moisture. Be sure to have a towel or cloth underneath the Mac to collect the dry liquid. Be sure to allow at least 3 days to pass before you reinstall the battery and power up the Mac. This will allow the moisture to dry completely.

DO NOT USE A HAIRDRYER! Hairdryers can burn the liquid onto important Mac components which can cause a application or software malfunction. If you are desperate and money isn’t a concern, you can contact a data recovery company such as Techserve or DriveSavers after you pull the plug from your Mac. Another option is to take your Mac in to an Apple Store but remember food and liquid damage is not covered by Apple Care.

If you computer starts up, and you are a self sufficient type of guy, you may be able to do the next step by yourself. You will have to disassemble your Mac and swab down the affected area with distilled water or denature alcohol which is available at hardware stores. If you aren’t confident in dissembling your Mac, take it to a local Apple Store for cleaning. Be sure to clean the affected area because if left, the liquid may corrode the Mac’s inwards overtime.

2. Mac Stuck in StartUp Mode

What do you do when your Mac stays stuck on the start up screen? First step is to reboot the Mac and hold down the Command and S key as the Mac is starting up. This will allow you to boot in single user mode and you will see white text appear on your screen. Once you see the # command prompt, type /sbin/fsck/-fy and hit return. The Mac will go into file system consistency check.

Be patient this process may take anywhere from 15 minutes to an hour depending on the problem that is plaguing the Mac. Don’t be alarmed when you see the message “File System was modified”. Repeat the command prompt step again and again until you see a message stating “no problems were found”. Once this message appears, type in reboot.

If this doesn’t work and your computer is still stuck in start up mode, insert your OS X install disc into the disc drive and reboot. As the Mac is starting up, hold down the C key. If you are running 10.4 or later go to ApplicationsUtilitiesDisk Utility, select your hard drive and click Repair Disk on the First Aid tab. If there aren’t any disk errors, click Repair Disk Permissions. When this process is complete, restart your Mac.

If you are running OS 10.2 you can do the same steps except you will go to the InstallerOpen Disk Utility. If all the above fails, you will probably need to take your Mac to the Apple Store for professional repairing.

3. Mac Will Not Power On

If you attempt to power up your Mac and there is no start up chime, sound from the hard drive or Mac’s fan, and the light on the power indicator isn’t on, unplug you power cord and remove your battery. Also remove any other peripherals that may be connected such as printers, displays, etc. Now after waiting about 2 minutes, reconnect the battery and power cord to check if your Mac will start up normally. If it does, you are safe and can plug back in all peripherals.

If this doesn’t work, unplug the power cord and disconnect the battery again. Now try to reset the System Management Controller. If the System Management Controller’s file has been corrupted the Mac may not recognize it’s power supply. If you have a Mac Book or Mac Book Pro, hold the power button down for 5 seconds, then reconnect the adapter and press power to hopefully start up the Mac.

If you have a Mac Book Air you will need to hold Shift-Control-Option on the left side of the keyboard and press power. If you use another model, check with Apple Support, or Google the model name of your Mac + SMC to learn how to reset the System Management Controller.

4. Mac is Running Slow

One reason your Mac may tend to run slow is because a lot of applications and toolbars we may not use may be utilizing a lot of the Mac processing memory. Its time to erase / consolidate some of those resources you do not need. Create a new folder and put all the icons and folders into the newly created folder.

We do this because desktop icons and folders also use processing memory. If you want to consolidate even more, turn off some of the features you don’t need like animations, effects, and scrolling bars. The simplest way to do this is to use TinkerTool a free app that lets you customize OS X.

5. Mac Application Crashes

One cause of application failures could be because of system updates, downloading or installing a new piece of software or editing or changing the preferences on your Mac. If you have did none of the above the problem may be the application’s preferences. Go to ACCOUNTS create a new account and log in as the new user. If the application works with the new user account, the problem may be with the application preferences.

If this is the case you could either reset application preferences by holding down command+option+shift keys when starting the application or you could go to Users/Library/Preferences folder and removing the crashed application’s preferences. If you still can’t figure out how to reset the application default preferences, you could go to the manufacturer’s website.

6. Mac Makes a Mysterious Buzz Noise

If you hear a high pitched noise or weird buzz coming from your Mac’s hard drive that may be a warning sign it may be time to replace it. Another sign may be frequent application freezes or start up freezes. Also if files are starting up slowly or closing slowly that is another sign it may be time to replace the hard drive. Your Mac’s monitoring system may say the hard drive is o.k. but don’t take any chances! Back up the drive asap!

7. Macbook Gets a Scratch

Some people have tried the DIY approach to repairing scratches. I have heard stories of people taking their MAC in to jewelers to have the scratches buffed out. Other people have used put Vaseline into the scratch to mask it. You can try Apple Care but usually they won’t cover this.

One solution is TechRestore. TechRestore can replace a MacBook display anywhere from $350 to $500 depending on the display size of your MacBook’s screen. If you are handy and want to do it yourself, PowerBookMedic is a good source to purchase a new display.

8. Your Mac’s Fonts Are Going Exorcist

Small font files and corrupt files can cause application crashes and display issues. If you are running OS X (Tiger or Leopard) you can avoid by going into applications and launching Font Book. Once Font Book is open command click a group of fonts to check if they are corrupt and then select validate fonts. Bad files and corrupt fonts can enter your system from being downloaded from bad websites.

If a particular file is corrupt, you will see a round icon with an X on it. Click the box next to the bad font and then select Remove Checked to remove the file from your system. If there is a yellow warning sign next to the font, remove the font file from the Font folder, restart the system and hopefully this will resolve your issue.

If you are running an older OS system on your Mac I would suggest a font manager like Extensis Suitcase Fusion. This app is highly recommended and offer many ways to organize and work with your fonts.


If Safari is having performance issues try Resetting Safari (go to Safari>Reset Safari). Doing this will give you the option to delete stored login information, cache, favicons, history, and cookies. Before you delete everything try only deleting cache, favicons, and history first.


Many people use toothpaste! Yes toothpastes can be used to remove the blemishes and scratches on your screen but I wouldn’t recommend it because certain brands of toothpaste may be more abrasive and could possibly add more scratches.

One solution I would suggest is Applesauce polish. Applesauce is simple to use, just follow the self explanatory directions.



PC Or Mac – Take the Plunge!

I am sure we have all been overwhelmed with the PC-Mac wars, but what is all the fuss about? Let me tell you, I have been an avid PC user for the past 10 years or so, and have even started to make a little money on the side using all the knowledge I have retained from all those Microsoft classes. Computer repair is something that I enjoy, and something that I will continue to enjoy, but the thought of me giving the Mac a whirl never dawned on me.

I found myself in a local AAFES (yes I am in the military) looking at their various laptops. I skipped the Mac’s like always and began to look at the Vista based PC’s. I am not sure what I was thinking, but I decided to see what the Mac had to offer (I quickly skipped the PC’s – unusual for me). Mac’s can be a little pricey, but I was ready to give them a shot. The lowest priced Mac book (that is a Mac laptop of course) came in at a whopping $999. This is fairly expensive compared to the lower end Laptops that HP and Acer manufacture. In the end I found myself sitting in my room with a Mac book that I have never used before or knew very little about. Boy was I in for a surprise.

Up until this point, I have always been pro Microsoft. To this day I don’t find anything wrong with Microsoft, it’s just that I am wondering why I waited so long to experience something new. I think this is society’s problem. We are all too worried about change. If you know something, why learn something else? That is the methodology that many American’s live by, but every American should know that the incentives could potentially outweigh living as a person refusing change. The truth of the matter is that a Macintosh is very simple to use (very user friendly), easy to learn, and in my opinion runs much smoother than previous Microsoft platforms. The Mac runs on the Leopard Operating System, and does not demand the resources that Microsoft’s Vista requires (if you own a Mac you probably have no more than 2 GB’s of RAM and are happy with it). I remember asking the clerk why the Mac book only came with 2 GB of RAM. Now I know why. This type of computer does not run inane services in the background thus giving the user a clean and smooth experience. The applications are a whole other story that I will save for another time. To be short, applications will give you the ability to turn your Mac into a personal assistant. There are thousands of applications that are available, and to me these help simplify life.

The overall feel of a Mac is something that I would have never imagined. I took pride in being pro Microsoft/anti Apple in the past, but now I feel as though I am one in a thousand that will actually take the plunge. Do yourself a favor and experience something new. I am not endorsing Apple in any way shape or form; I am simply stating my opinion. I look forward to exploring deeper into the Mac realm, so that I will someday be able to understand the operating system the way I understand Microsoft’s. So far so good for Mac; two thumbs up!